Thomas Eastwood
      Counterintelligence, Interrogation, and Investigative Topics
               Werwolves - WWII Nazi Insurgency

         As WWII waned, the Nazis created a resistance force to oppose the Allies as they advanced and occupied Germany: Operation Werwolf.  Conceived in 1942, it was operational from Oct 44 to 1947.  Despite massive propaganda, it had minimal impact on the Allied occupation and inflicted increased hardship on the German people.  Topics:  Himmler; SS death squads; Heydrich; Werwolf operations - assassinations, assaults, sabotage; Werwolf Radio; Goebbels; Hitler Youth; League of German Girls;  German Bund; Operation Blacklist - US occupation of Japan.  

                           US Space Force

          In Dec 2019 we created a sixth branch of the US Armed Forces.  Space Force is the first independent branch created since the US Air Force was established in 1947.  What does it do, and is it needed?  We will examine its mission and organization.  Topics:  pros and cons; history; mission, structure, cost, and size; leadership. 

                                FISA Abuse

            In Dec 2019 the DOJ IG detailed abuses of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act by the FBI during Crossfire Hurricane, the investigation of alleged collusion Trump and Russia.  The finding were stunning.  The FBI abuses were systematic and significant.  We will go beyond the hype and politics to address the IG report and testimony in detail.  Topics:  origin of the review; findings;  importance of the findings; who is to blame and who misled the public; culpability and accountability; recommendations; next steps; spying on campaigns; media reaction.  This presentation can be combined with the presentations on FISA and FISA Reform to complete the picture.


          Analysis of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC).  Established in 1978 to combat foreign espionage they now are used to fight terrorism.   Few Americans knew about them until recently.  Much mystery remains.  We will explore the interworking of the law and court.  Topics:  origin and history, Church Committee, "Family jewels", Terrorism Surveillance Program, FISA warrants, US Intelligence community, judges, alleged FISC "abuse", DOJ IG investigations, Patriot Act, USA Freedom Act, future issues.

                                       FISA Reform

            The abuses disclosed by the recent DOJ IG review have opened debate about both the value of the FISA and possible reforms.  Some argue the counts should have a very limited role in intelligence and national security.  Others believe FISA should be retained, but dramatically reformed to better ensure the protection of civil liberties.  We will analyze the history and merits of both views.

                            Special Operation Forces 

          Unconventional and guerrilla warfare has existed since the dawn of man.  Shadow warriors were once shrouded in mystery, but today they are headline news.  We will examine special operations and special forces with an emphasis on US and UK operators.  Topics: organizational structure; history; Navy SEALs; SEAL Team Six; Army Delta Force; Green Berets; Rangers; Air Rangers; Marine Recon; British SAS and SBS;  SOCOM; JSOC; WWII commandos; missions from WWII to present; Israeli special forces (Unit 269).  Can be combined with Special Ops Training to complete the picture.

                               US Special Ops Training 

          Have you ever wondered how Seal Team Six and Delta Force are trained?  We will explore the selection and basic and specialized training of US special forces and special operations forces.  Topics:  SEAL training; SEAL Team Six and Delta Force; BUD/S; Ranger School; Special Forces Q Course; combat diver training; HALO; Sniper and Sapper schools; Jump school; SERE; military combat dog training.

                  Operation Lena - Abwehr Missions

         After the fall of France, Hitler initiated Operation Sea Lion - the planned invasion and occupation of England.  The plan included German intelligence operations (Lena).  When the UK won the Battle of Britain, the invasion was cancelled.  This lecture will address those operations and other Abwehr missions against the UK and US.  We will also discuss Allied countermeasures.   Topics: the Duquesne Spy Ring; Operations Pastorius, Fortitude, Bodyguard, Mincemeat; Double Cross, Bletchley Park; MAGIC.

                       Influential Speeches - WWII   

         WWII was won and lost amid amazing speeches.  Some inspired nobleness, others exploited evil.   We will examine famous speeches, quotes, quips, and letters and the historical events surrounding them.  We will also cover Churchill's oratory "secrets".   Topics:  Churchill, FDR, DDE, Patton, "Wild Bill" Donovan, MacArthur, Joe Kennedy, Cordell Hull, Hirohito, Hitler, Goring, Nuremberg trials.     

                                  Five Eyes

          Since WWII the US and UK have had an alliance to jointly collect and share communications intelligence.  That agreement has expanded to include other types of intelligence.  It also grew to include Australia, Canada, and New Zealand or Five Eyes.  It is the most effective intelligence alliances in history.  A fascinating introduction into the world of signals intelligence and global eavesdropping.  Topics:  history, types of intelligence, agencies involved, third parties, Nine Eyes, 14 Eyes, Atlantic Charter, VENONA, Soviet Spies, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, ECHELON, Pine Gap, NSA Hawaii, Edward Snowden, leaks, cyberwarfare, intelligence partnerships, Israel, emerging issues, 5G.


               Was the impeachment of Trump designed to remove him from office, sully his reelection, or brand him with a Scarlett I?  We will focus on the politics and strategy of the process, rather than the particulars of the charges and evidence.  Topics: hypocrisy and lack of ethics;  Hamilton; Federalist 65;  political revenge; Alan Dershowitz;  Jonathan Turley; Ken Starr;  impeachment history; high crimes and misdemeanors; impeachment fatigue; existential threats; guilt by accusation.

                         Barr Investigation

        A timely and insightful analysis of the DOJ investigations into the origin of the Trump/Russia investigation.  We will compare these investigations to the ones conducted by AG Holder into alleged unlawful conduct by CIA interrogators.  Are they political "witch hunts"?  Topics include:  the nature of the investigations, will they harm national security, public trust, morale and effectiveness of the CIA and FBI, Comey and McCabe, enhanced interrogation,  future steps.

                Election Interference - Mueller Investigation

      Analysis of foreign interference in elections.  Emphasis on the Russian meddling in the 2016 election as documented in the Mueller investigation.  Most Americans know the headlines, we will dig deeper.  Topics: investigative findings, what did they do, why, when did we know, what did we do, US intelligence, Congressional and DNI warnings, GRU, WWII propaganda, the Trump Tower meeting, the Steele dossier, interference by other states, countermeasures, cyber security.  

                         Intelligence Awareness   

       By stealing US technology, trade secrets, and intellectual property, foreign states can save time and money on research and development.  China is particularly aggressive in this form of espionage.  Awareness about espionage methods can help foil foreign intelligence efforts.  This presentation will address all types of espionage, emphasizing the illegal acquisition of US critical technology by foreign spies.  Topics:  intelligence operations, security countermeasures, counterintelligence, National Counterintelligence and Security Center, US Intelligence Community, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, industrial security, spies.


   Security Clearances and Background Investigations
     Detailed discussion of personnel security, including how BI's are conduced and how security clearances are administered.  Topics:  US intelligence community,  personnel security investigations, DSS, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency,  new EO on BI's and industrial security,  classification systems, SAP's,  National Background Investigations Bureau, costs, appeals, adjudication, USIS, revoking clearance of CIA director Brennan, WH clearance "scandal", recent improvements, needed improvements, and future developments.

                 Mueller Investigation - Collusion

         Analysis of the investigation emphasizing Russian collusion.  Topics:  investigative findings, election interference,  collusion, obstruction, role and missteps of the media and politicians, political response, journalist standards.

                   Mueller Investigation - Obstruction

           Analysis of the investigation emphasizing obstruction of justice.  Topics:  investigative and DOJ findings, obstruction defined, legal theories, legal precedent, legal standards and elements of proof, impeachment, "high crimes and misdemeanors", collusion, next steps.

                   Comey and Mueller - Politics As Usual?

            Join a former counterintelligence and law enforcement official experienced in national security investigations in a comparison of the Clinton and Collusion investigations.   Topics: did politics impact the investigations, missteps, FBI and special counsel findings, IG reports, did Comey exceed this authority, did Mueller evade his, next steps.

                              The Kavanaugh Effect

         Many debate his innocence or guilt.  Others rehash the allegations.   We will address issues surfaced by the confirmation process:  who to believe, truth, memory and perception, eye witness testimony, guilt by accusation, false accusations, innocent until proven guilty, fairness, due process, trial by media, lessons learned, rule of law, bias, important precedents, media fairness and impartiality.                                                                        

                              Comey's Higher Loyalty

         Join a retired federal law enforcement official in a review of the former FBI Director's book and the issues.  A fact-based analysis of:  political influence of federal agencies (FBI, DOJ, CIA, IC, IRS); Martha Stewart; Rudy Giuliani; enhanced interrogation, warrantless surveillance; the Clinton investigation; Russian election meddling; Jim Comey; Andrew McCabe.

ISIS "Brides"

3 years ago, Americans feared the military capacity of ISIS.  ISIS has been essentially defeated on the battlefield, but we still face ideology and terror threats.  Analysis of the strategies and tactics to combat international terrorism - specifically ISIS.  Particular emphasis on ISIS "brides" and children.   Topics:  role of politicians,  FBI, military, and intelligence; realistic goals;  aims and methods of ISIS and other terror groups;  coalitions;  air and ground combat;  ISIS ideology and recruitment;   neutralizing terror cells and radicalization sites;  domestic and international intelligence;  recommendations.

                                  Yellow Journalism

          The term "fake news" is recent, but allegations of inaccurate, exaggerated,  biased, and false news are not.  In 1898 the term "yellow journalism" was coined to describe sensational reporting designed to attract and motivate readers.  It incited the US to war - The Spanish American War.  Topics:  confidence in public institutions, impartiality in reporting, tabloid news, Pulitzer, Hearst, bias, lawsuits, Duke Lacrosse case, media hysteria, Richard Jewell, Covington HS, Dan Rather, Ted Koppel.

                                    Enhanced Interrogation

          Few subjects evoke more emotion.  A 2-part detailed and frank discussion separating fact from hype - defining the issues and providing fact-based analysis.  Led by someone who conducted and taught law enforcement and counterintelligence interrogations for almost 3 decades.  Topics include:  what it is and is not; how it differs from FBI interrogations; confessions vs intelligence; is it torture; waterboarding; was it necessary and effective;  how and where was it used; who was it used on; GTMO; legality; Geneva Conventions; UN and Senate reports  "torture" memos; war vs crime; laws of war; terrorist motivation; "war crimes"; DOJ investigations.  

                                    Operation Downfall

        Long before atom bombs were dropped on Japan, the US planned a 2-phased invasion of the Japanese home islands.  Set to begin Oct 45, it would have been the largest and most costly amphibious operation in history.  Topics:  plan detail; were atom bombs necessary; was Japan on the verge of surrender; deception plans; Japanese preparation for the expected invasion; casualty estimates; lessons from Okinawa and Iwo Jima; chemical weapons;  perspectives of US and Japanese leaders; revisionist history; suggested reading.

                             Atomic Spies

        During WWII and the Cold War, the Soviets stole US atomic secrets.  We will address what US intelligence knew and how they knew it.  Also the spies, why they did it, and how they were caught.  Most people know the basics, we will discuss the detail.   Topics:  the Rosenberg spy network; were they guilty and why they were executed; the Cambridge Five; Venona Project; the Manhattan Project; Bletchley Park;  lessor known spies.

          The Manhattan Project - The Atomic Age

      We will review the history of the US/UK project to built atomic bombs during WWII.  Most Americans know the basic story.  We will address the detail many people do not know.  Topics;  the men and the bombs; security;
sabotage of the Nazi atomic program;  heavy water;  Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Hanford;  rational for using the bomb;  was the bomb necessary to end WWII.

             Atomic Bombs - Revisionism Visited

       A review of the role of atom bombs in ending WWII.  Did they end the war saving lives?  This lecture debunks revisionist history regarding the Pacific war.  It includes recently declassified intelligence relating to Japanese intentions and actions.  A frank and open review of one of the most important, interesting, and emotional events in history.  Topics:  statements by key US and Japanese military and political leaders;  MAGIC and ULTRA intercepts;  Soviet invasion of China; the planned invasion of Japan;  Japanese readiness and military capacity;  casualty estimates;  Potsdam Declaration;  events leading to Japanese surrender; role of the Emperor; unconditional surrender; bomb demonstration, revenge, and racism theories.  

                 Atomic Spies and the Atomic Age

           2-part presentation on the development of the atom bomb and the Soviet spies who stole US secrets.  Part 1 topics:  the men and the bombs; security; sabotage of the Nazi atomic program;  heavy water;  Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Hanford;  rationale for using the bomb; was the bomb necessary to end WWII.  Part 2 topics:  the Rosenberg spy network; were they guilty and why they were executed; the Cambridge Five; Venona Project; the Manhattan Project; Bletchley Park;  lessor known spies.

                  WWII Intelligence: Weather War

Weather and forecasting played a significant role in WWIIIt also impacted the Code War (breaking Enigma).  This is a fascinating component of WWII intelligence that few people know.  Topics:  Allied advantages; role and training of meteorologists (including women and Tuskegee weathermen); Bletchley Park and codebreaking; weather ships and planes; secret German weather stations (including one in Canada); US military operations before Pearl Harbor; role of the USCG; how weather impacted major battles (including the most famous weather forecast in history); Typhoon Cobra; Caine Mutiny; Nagasaki and Kokura, Japan. 

                              US National Security

An analysis of the US Intelligence Community.  Topics: agencies and their missions; strengths and weaknesses;  myths; intelligence estimates; President's Daily Brief ; intelligence sources; HUMINT; SIGINT; classification; "Black " projects; intelligence value and confidence levels; recommendations for improvement. 

          The Pueblo Incident:  Cold War Intelligence

        Review of cold war intelligence; especially the seizure of the US spy ship Pueblo in 1968 by N Korea.  The DPRK leader is an irrational despot who controls a huge standing army and uses his nuclear arsenal to bully the world.  He cannot deliver his weapons to the US mainland today, but he provokes the US (as his grandfather did).  1 Pueblo crewman was killed and 82 were imprisoned and tortured for 11 months.  Topics:  Kim Dynasty; Pueblo mission and attack; US response; "research" vessels; Russian trawlers; Pueblo officers; EC-121 Shoot down; aftermath and implications for today.

                    Secretary Clinton Email Investigation

We will explore one of the most controversial and politically charged matters in recent memory.  We will address political issues, but the emphasis will be on what the IG and FBI investigations revealed.  Topics:  the scandal;  investigations;  testimony;  political and legal reaction;  consequences;  the "Clinton Defense"; intent vs negligence;  national security;  the Attorney General;  was the FBI investigation flawed or politicized;  will Clinton and her colleagues be "punished";  unanswered questions.  

                                             Defeating ISIS

Review and analysis of the strategies and tactics necessary to combat international terrorism - specifically ISIS.  Topics:  role of politicians,  FBI military, and intelligence experts; realistic goals;  tools of war vs criminal law enforcement;  cyber warfare;  aims and methods of ISIS and other Islamic terror groups;  coalitions;  air and ground combat;  ISIS ideology and recruitment;   neutralizing terror cells and radicalization sites;  domestic and international intelligence;  specific recommendations.

              Drone Warfare in the War on Terror

      In 15 years drones have evolved from a surveillance tool into a widely used and lethal weapon in the war on terror.  We will discuss the technology (past, current, and future) - along with the tactics, politics, and controversy.   Topics: early unmanned aircraft;  the Predator and Reaper;  drone capacity and armaments;  military/intelligence operations; surveillance and offensive capacity;  targeting;  books and movies;  do drones attacks encourage more terrorism.

    Counterterrorism: Terror Watchlists & Gun Control

      Analysis of 2 hot topics in the war on terror - watch lists and gun control.  How the government accumulates, maintains, and uses terror watch lists.   We will explore the issues from a security rather than political perspective.  Topics: role of the Counter Terrorism Center, National Counterterrorism Center, and the FBI's National Security Branch;  terrorist watch lists;  No Fly List;  Selectee List; gun control; assault weapons bans;  large capacity magazine bans;  banning suspected terrorists from owning guns.

    Counterterrorism: Refugee/Immigration Policy & GTMO

      3 hot topics in the war on terror - refugee and immigration policy (especially Syria and Muslim) and closing the detention facility at Guantanamo.  You have heard the political arguments.  We will explore the security implications.  Topics:  ISIS infiltration of refugee groups; can refugees  be vetted;  what intelligence expert's think;  the role of neighboring Muslim countries;  immigrant vetting;  limiting Muslim immigration;  Hijrah;  lessons from Europe; is GTMO a terrorist recruitment tool;  international opinion;  what happens to the detainees if GTMO closes;  ISIS ideology.     

                         Situational Awareness

        Safety in an unsafe environment.  First responders learn tactical awareness by necessity.  You can easily learn to pay more attention to your surroundings while continuing your normal activities.  Paranoia is counter-productive and harmful, but practicing relaxed awareness can improve your odds of avoiding or surviving danger.  A practical discussion that can have real impact in your life.  

                              Stop and Frisk

       Analysis of a controversial police tactic.  We will explore the procedures  and whether they are legal and effective.  Topics:  case law and court rulings;  4th Amendment; politics;  targeted and random searches; profiling; sobriety checkpoints;  pros and cons;  NYPD.


      Analysis of a widely used but controversial police tactic.  What is profiling, is it legal, and does it work.  Topics:  racial, behavioral, and criminal profiling;  Terry stops;  reasonable suspicion;  exclusionary rule;  crime prevention;  profiling terror suspects;  TSA;  NYPD.

       Father and Son Spies - Jim and Nat Nicholson

Jim Nicholson is the highest ranking CIA officer even convicted of espionage.  While serving 24 years in prison he recruited his son to resume his spying.   This is a fascinating story of double betrayal.  We will examine the treasonous actions and motives of both father and son, including what they did and how they were caught.  We will also compare it to another father and son spy duo - John and Michael Walker convicted in 1985.

            Jonathan Pollard - Avarice or Ideology

        Pollard, a US intelligence analyst, was arrested while spying for Israel.  Israel refused him asylum; then denied knowledge of his spying.  For years, they have sought his release.  Despite a life sentence, he was paroled in Nov 2015.  We will address the facts behind this highly debated and political case.  Was he motivated by love for Israel and its security or was his aim more sinister - greed.  Also did he spy only for Israel.  We will also discuss other Mossad operations (Eichmann, the "Hangman of Riga", assassinations) and Israeli intelligence organizations.

      "Illegals Program" - Russian "Sleeper" Spies

      In 2010 the FBI arrested 10 long-term Russian spies.  They had posed as Americans for years developing intelligence sources.  They attended US universities, had children, homes, and jobs.  One was the "glamorous" Anna Chapman.  Within days, they pled guilty and were swapped for Western assets held in Russian prisons.  We will examine, what they did, how they were caught, and the "prisoner" exchange.  Most Americans read the headlines, we will discuss the fascinating details.

             Nuremberg - Military Tribunals

      Most Americas know Nazi leaders (Goering, Hess, Speer, Donitz ...) were convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg.  We will discuss the rest of the story.  There were 13 Nuremberg tribunals and hundreds more in the European occupied zones.  1,900 Nazis were tried - 330 were sentenced to death.  We will also examine the 2,200 Allied Tribunals held across the Pacific that tried 5,700 (mostly) Japanese war criminals.  920 were executed.  Included: role played by the US military, impact of US and British intelligence, and major cases/individuals. 

                   Churchill's Secret Army

       Churchill created a special intelligence agency to set occupied Europe "ablaze" using "ungentlemanly" tactics.  His inspiration came, in part, from the Irish Republican Army which waged a guerilla campaign against British rule.  The Special Operations Executive (SOE) engaged in espionage, sabotage, assassination, reconnaissance, and along with the American OSS supported resistance movements.  SOE ran a spy school, Camp X, in Canada where OSS agents were trained in "murder and mayhem".  Many were women.  Camp X was also the site of Canada's code breaking program (Hydra).  Topics:  Intrepid; training; agents; operations (including the destruction of Nazi heavy water and the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich); and movies inspired by SOE missions.

              Jewish Avengers - Nazi Executioners

       Nazi military might was formidable, but many Jews did not simply "go like lambs to the slaughter".  They resisted via sabotage, ghetto uprising, escape, camp revolts, and armed guerrilla fighting.  After the war some sought restitution.   Topics:  Jewish resistance;  Jewish groups who targeted Nazi war criminals during and after WWII;  Israeli assassinations;  the Dachau liberation "reprisals";  war crimes tribunals;  if the Allies did enough to help the Jews; the MV St. Louis.

        Operation Drumbeat - Second Pearl Harbor

       During 1942 German U-Boats sunk 600 merchant ships - 400 off the US eastern and Gulf coast.  The US was not prepared to meet the U-Boat threat ; over 5,000 Allied seamen were killed.  This is the truly fascinating story most Americans do not know - but should.  We will discuss the Battle of the Atlantic and the Battle of the Caribbean.  Topics will include: Enigma; Civil Air Patrol; Q-Ships; U-Boat losses;  the Merchant Marine; Operation Pastorius; New Orleans, Miami; Jacksonville, New York, Cape Hatteras, Cuba.

        Operation Teardrop -  US U-Boat Attack 

         In Apr 45 Germany launched its last U-Boat attack against the US.  Teardrop was the US operation to sink the U-Boats before they could launch  V1 and V2 missiles on US cities.  Fascinating, little-known history.  Topics: the Nazi plan and propaganda; Enigma and ULTRA; Operation Paperclip; related Japanese plans; Maine, New York, Portsmouth, Boston.  

       Captured U-boats - WWII Code War Victories 

         U-boats and the Enigma code were formidable Nazi weapons.  Together they almost prevailed in the Battle of the North Atlantic.  We will explore the events inspiring the popular films U-571 and The Imitation Game.  Topics: impact of captured U-boats on the War of Wits; U-505, U-110; U-559, heroes of the code war; Dolphin and Shark;  US Naval Station, Bermuda.

   Bermuda - Strategic Importance and the US Military

          Bermuda has been vital to the protection of the US Eastern seaboard and North Atlantic sea lanes.  We will explore the impact of "Lend-Lease" and the importance of US military bases.  Topics:  US military presence during WWI, WWII, and beyond; Destroyers for Bases agreement; Lend-Lease; "Wild Bill" Donovan and Joseph Kennedy; FDR, Churchill, Eisenhower; Bermuda Maritime Museum; U-505 and German POWs.  

               Panama Canal - Military Defense

         Defense and security of the Canal has been a priority since before US construction began.  We will explore the US military protection the Canal from 1903 to present.  Topics:  treaties; the Canal Zone; US engineering, construction, and protection; Pacific and Atlantic fortifications; military vulnerabilities and response; WWII defenses; outlying defenses; planned enemy attacks; US military commands;  the defensive shield; Colon, San Juan, St Thomas, Central America.     

        Operation Firefly - 555th Parachute Battalion

Nov 44 - Apr 45 Japan launched 9,300 aerial attacks against the US using high attitude balloon bombs.   They landed in 17 states, killing 6 people.  We will discuss the Fu-Go bombs and the US defense - Operation Firefly.  The 300 black paratroopers of the "Triple Nickel"  trained to fight the Japanese, and did so, secretly, throughout the Pacific Northwest.  
We will also address "super weapons" developed by the Allies and Axis powers - including intercontinental bombers; mega subs; missile subs; bat bombs, Unit 731, and Soviet anti-tank dogs.

       Operation Underworld - WWII Mob Alliances

As we entered WWII, the US Navy covertly elicited the aid of the Mob to stop spies, saboteurs, and dock strikes.  "Lucky" Luciano, Meyer Lansky, Albert Anastasia, and others answered the call.  We will discuss want led to the alliance, the impact, and the aftermath. 

      Battle of The Caribbean - 1942 U-Boat Offensive

In 1942 U-Boats attacked ships off the US coast with impunity.  11 U-Boats and 5 Italian submarines also wreaked havoc throughout the Caribbean - attacking ships and land targets in an attempt to destroy Britain's oil supply.  Hundreds of Allied merchant ships were lost.  We will discuss the tactics and outcome.  Topics:  Martinique; Cuba; Haiti;  U-boats attacks on Aruba and Curacao.  

      Caribbean Defenses - Impact of "Lend-Lease"

        Defending the Panama Canal and the Caribbean oil supply during WWII was crucial to the Allied war effort.  We will explore the role of the US Caribbean Defense Command and the bases built to protect the US and Caribbean via Lend-Lease in Mar 41.  Topics: US bases in Canada, Bermuda, Trinidad, British Guiana, Jamaica, Antigua, St. Lucia, and the Bahamas.

               Guantanamo - History Revisited

       History, geography, and demographics.  Most Americans know the politics of GTMO.  We will discuss how and why the US acquired the base.  Topics:  Cuban War of Independence; Havana and the USS Maine; Spanish-American War, Battle of Guantanamo Bay; Cuban Independence;  Cuban-American treaties.  A must if you plan to visit Cuba.

      Cuban Independence - Spanish-American War

Most Americas know little about early Cuban history.  With diplomatic normalization more Americans will be visiting Cuba.  This presentation will provide a glimpse into the origins of US-Cuban relations.  Topics:  Cuban War of Independence; Cuban land and sea battles during the Spanish-American War; why the US fought Spain; impact of public opinion; Havana and the USS Maine;  Santiago de Cuba; San Juan Hill; Rough Riders; Buffalo Soldiers;  Cuban Independence;  Cuban-American treaties.

          Puerto Rico - US Territory since 1898

       History of the Commonwealth.  How it became US territory and current government structure.  Topics: early history; Columbus; Juan Ponce de Leon; Spanish rule; Spanish-American War; US naval/land battles; Bombardment of San Juan; forts; government: taxes; voting rights.  A great overview for anyone planning to visit.  

        Animal Warriors - Animals and the Military 

         Interesting presentation on
 how animals have been used in warfare (emphasizing the 20th century).  Topics: US canine training centers and animals used for transport, messaging, bomb detection, scouting, morale, weapons, and espionage.  We will discuss animal mascots and combat operations.  

        TSA: Travel Safety - Real or Illusory

        An in-depth analysis of air and travel security and the effectiveness and policies of TSA.  Topics include:  TSA employees (TSOs, Air Marshals ...) are you safe; are privacy invasions necessary; profiling; TSA scandals;  El Al;  No-Fly lists;  TSA unionization;  screening technology;  recommendations. 

     Delayed Recognition - Minority Military Heroes

       Minorities and women have served honorably in every major US military action.  We will address their service from the American Revolution Thru WWII highlighting Medal of Honor winners, leaders, and units.  Part 1:  Fort Wagner, Buffalo Soldiers, Hell Fighters, Tuskegee Airmen, Black Panthers, Smoke Jumpers, Dorie Miller...  Part 2:  Hispanic Rangers, 442nd Combat Team, Code Talkers, Pappy Boyington, Ira Hayes, Molly Pitcher, Clara Barton, WACs, Waves, Wasps...

      Bowe Bergdahl - No Soldier Left Behind

       A candid analysis of the hotly debated Bergdahl case.  Topics: the soldier;  criminal charges;  cost and benefits of the swap;  analyzing the "deal";  Taliban 5;  Rose Garden ceremony; Susan Rice;  politics and controversy.

Revised:  Unique Missions of WWII

Expanded 3-part overview of little-known sensitive intelligence operations and classified Allied and Axis missions and programs:
          Part 1:  ULTRA, MAGIC, Double Cross; Patton's mission to rescue his son-in-law; the mission to kill Rommel; spies; Allied interrogation centers;  Nazi interrogations; secret weapons. 

          Part 2:  Operations Underworld, Paperclip, Drumbeat, Mincemeat, Pastorious, Firefly, and others: the American German Bund; Axis interments; spies; Jewish resistance fighters; Nuremberg; secret weapons.  

          Part 3:   Fascists in the US Army; secret treason conviction; Tiger 131: Eddie Slovik; Operations Tonga, Neptune, Griffin; The Ghost Army; British SOE;  British Free Corps; Monuments men; the Wereth 11. 


             Spies and Espionage - Fact versus Fiction

      A fascinating and insightful discussion on the motivation of spies and the techniques used to catch them.  Learn how reality compares to fiction in this unique peek into the realm of espionage and counterintelligence.   A revealing insiders look into contemporary US spies.  Includes unclassified but little known information.  Available in a single or 2-part expanded version.

                   Codebreaking During WWII

      The impact of signals intelligence during WWII was extraordinary. This discussion is about the code war and includes recently declassified information. Topics include Enigma, ULTRA, MAGIC, Bletchley Park, and Arlington Hall.  This is a riveting presentations about one of the best kept secrets of the 20th century.

                      Interrogations and Polygraphs

     Discussion and demonstration of interrogation and interview techniques. This is an interesting and timely glimpse into the the real world of interrogation rarely seen outside the law enforcement and intelligence community.

                           Enhanced Interrogations 

An examination and comparison of law enforcement and intelligence interrogation.  Topics will include legality, goals, and tactics.

                    Benghazi - Unanswered Questions

      A candid analysis and discussion:  was it a failure of intelligence or failure to act;  was it predictable and preventable; was our response adequate;  were we misled? 

        Operation Paperclip - Recruiting Nazi Scientists 

         As WWII waned, the Allies raced to recruit German scientists and technology.   This was the highly effective  effort led by the OSS.   Among the scientists brought to America was Wernher Von Braun, who had developed the V-2.  Topics include: secret US interrogation centers, history of Paperclip (and related operations), Peenemunde, the Church Committee, declassified CIA research (Star Gate, MKULTRA), and related British and Soviet operations.  A detailed and fascinating examination of a major intelligence operation.

                Combatting Terror - War or Crime

        Is the "war on terrorism" really a war and should it be?   Should we combat terror with intelligence, military, or law-enforcement resources?  Topics: enemy combatants, indefinite detention, military commissions, covert operations, legal arguments, the Barbary wars, and the Civil war. 

         The 'War' on Terror - Hypocrisy and Politics

       An analysis of the hottest topics in the war on terrorism: whether it is a "war", enhanced interrogation, torture, detention without trial, warrantless surveillances, the Patriot Act, drone attacks, targeted killing of Americans, and assassinations.   We will also address political hypocrisy. 

       Global Jihad - Al Qaeda and Islamic Extremism

3-part discussion of terrorism, extremism, and jihad.  Part 1:  Islam (as both a religion and ideology), Islamic sects, domestic and foreign terrorism, jihad, Sharia law, Islamic terrorist groups.  Part 2:  Barbary Coast Wars, Somalia Piracy, Benghazi, Fort Hood, Boston Bombing.  Part 3:  foreign inspired terrorist attacks in the US, ISIS, the war on terror.  Available in a 2-part abbreviated version.

         Marathon Bombers - Terrorism in Boston

      An analysis on the Boston Bombing - what when right and  wrong.  Emphasis will be placed on the difference between law enforcement, prosecution,  and terror prevention.
                         "Cosmetic" Security
       How safe we you, especially since 9/11?  We will distinguish between real and illusory security by examining Transporation Safety Admisistration (TSA), gun control, and gated communities. Topics include  civil rights, assault weapon bans (and other gun control measures), privacy, the law, and how they effect your safety. 

   Security Clearances and Background Investigations
A detailed discussion of pesonnel security, including exactly how BI's are conduced and how security clearances are administered. 

                     Military Tribunals in US History

        Should terrorists be tried in US or military courts?   This facinating lecture explores one of the hottest issues facing our nation today by tracing the history of military tribunals from the American Revolution to the present.  An insightful and timely review of the lessons from history.

Civil War POW Camps - Andersonville, Elmira, Douglas

      Neither the Union or Confederacy was equipped to handle POWs.  Camp conditions were horrid.   We will discuss the attrocities in the most notorious prisons on both sides and what led to them.  Prisoner parole and exchange will also be addressed.  A frank and facinating presentation.  

           Federal Agents - US Law Enforcement

       Almost everyone has heard of the FBI, ATF, DEA, and USSS, but few know there are over 100,000 special agents and federal officers in 100 federal agencies.   We will discuss the structure, mission, and training in federal law enforcement.  Emphasis will be placed on changes since 9/11. 

                     US Intelligence Community

       Join a former counterintelligence official in a revealing look at the US Intelligence Community.  Structure, oversight, support, and effectiveness will be discussed in detail.

          Counterintelligence and Counterterrorism

      An insightful discussion about the  structure and organization of US counterintelligence and counterterrorism.  Topics will include the agencies involved, effectiveness, counterespionage, and security countermeasures. 

                  US Intelligence - Iraqi WMD

       Did Bush lie?  Did the WH manipulate intelligence to draw us into war? Is US intelligence reliable?  These topics will be discussed in detail.

           US Intelligence - Contemporary Issues

      Should the US use torture in the war on terror? Is terrorist surveillance an effective weapon or a threat to liberty? Why did our intelligence fail us on 9/11 and are we now prepared? Why did it take so long to kill Osama? Is politics part of the problem? A frank and open discussion that moves beyond the rhetoric, hyperbole, and media hype.

     Classified Press Leaks - National Security and Politics

Leaks are not new, but they are increasing.  We will examine the reasons, the politics, and the damage. 

         Snowden and Manning - Traitor or Patriot

      A detailed analysis of the criminal cases  against Edward Snowden and Bradley Manning who leaked volumes of secrets to the press .  We will examine what they did, why, if the positive offsets the damage, and if they are traitors.

      The CIA and US military Terrorist Detention Programs

        The treatment of terrorists held by the CIA and military has received much media coverage.  This frank and revealing course discusses enhanced interrogation, secret overseas detention sites, Guantanamo, and Abu Ghraib.  It is designed to help you form a fact-based opinion on whether the programs kept us safe or put us at greater risk.

                          Presidential Assassinations

        Some Americans know four presidents were assassinated;  few can name more than two.  Fewer know attempts were made to kill 12 others.  This is a facinating and revealing insider's look at assassinations and the protective mission of the Secret Service.

                       "Secrets" of Dignitary Protection 
Special agents of the Secret Service, Diplomatic Security Service, and other agencies (FBI, CIA, etc)    have extraordinary access to  protectees.  Historically they have kept observations and mission details confidential.  Recently, the public has been given a peak behind the veil of secrecy.  This presentation addresses the history of the USSS, dignitary security, and recently revealed

             Criminal Law - Exclusion of Evidence

An examinination of Miranda Warnings and the Exclusionary Rule.   Most people know their rights; join a retired law enforcement official in an interesting discussion addressing the legal basis and origin of the rules and suggested changes to combat terrorism.  It includes both case law and practical matters.

               US Naval Intelligence -  1941-42

      Intelligence had significant impact on the initial US battles of WWII.   We will discuss the role played by naval intelligence at Pearl Harbor and the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway.  We will also examine the leaders and ships involved.  

     Espionage and Counterintelligence During WWII

      The impact of espionage and counterintelligence during WWII was significant. This discussion addresses intelligence successes and failures. Much about the intelligence war has only recently been declassified, and the events have lessons for today.

           British Commandos - Cockleshell Raids

       This presentation addresses canoe commando raids during WWII.  It specifically discusses the raid on Bordeaux in Dec 42 and the two raids on Signapore harbor by British and Australian Z-Forces.  These were some of the most unique and courageous military operations in history.

                       Unknown Internments of WWII

     Many Americans do not known that Germans and Italians were interned along with Japanese.  This discussion includes the reasons for interning and relocating Axis aliens and the role that intelligence, especially MAGIC, played.

           The "Bad" War - WWII's Pacific Theater

      Revisionists claim the war in Europe was "good" while the war in the Pacific was racist.  This discussion addresses why the Pacific war was so brutal, internments, and the recent controversity about HBO's The Pacific.

        Enrichment By Atrocity - Profit Via POW Abuse 

A provocative and detailed discussion of WWII war crimes and attempts by civilian and POW victims to obtain restitution.  Particular attention is paid to how the Axis treated US POWs.  Recently declassified information is included.  This frank and politically incorrect presentation addresses a unique and important aspect of history.

                     William "Wild Bill" Donovan

      Donovan was a lawyer, politician, and war hero who is one of the founders of US intelligence. His amazing story is one of intellect and bravery. This discussion traces Donovan's life as the director of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and the father of the CIAHe was a visionary who identified weaknesses with US intelligence.  His observations have lessons for today.

            Military Intelligence in Early US History

Cloak and dagger is the second oldest profession.  It began with war itself.   This course examines the role of military intelligence in US history with particular emphasis on the American Revolution and Civil War.   It explores spies you know and some you don't.

                               The Barbary Wars

From 1776 to 1815 the US faced terrorism in the form of piracy from the Barbary Coast States of North Africa.  This presentation addresses  the little-known, but interesting Barbary Wars.  Parallels are drawn with Somali piracy and our current war on terrorism.  The lessons learned by our early Presidents still have relevance.

                     Eli Cohen - Israeli Master Spy

 One of the most successful spies of all time, he may have become the Syrian Deputy Defense Minister if  he had not been caught and executed.  He provided intelligence crucial in the Six Day War.  Other Mossad operations (including  Adolph Eichmann and US spy Jonathan Pollard) and comparisons of major intelligence organizations will also be discussed.

        Recovering Nazi Plunder - WWII Monuments Men

The US/UK established an unprecedented unit to protect art and cultural sites during WWII.  Additionally, they recovered art and treasure looted by the Nazis on a massive scale.  This is a facinating true story. 

           Reilly "Ace of Spies" - The "Real" James Bond?

       Britain has a long and storied history of intelligence.  Sidney Reilly was one of their most successful spies.  His exploits spawned articles, books, and a popular TV miniseries.   Reilly, the origin of James Bond, and the structure and history of British Intelligence will be discussed (and compared to the US Intelligence Community). 

         Trio of Traitors - Walker, Ames, and Hanssen

        A discussion of the three worst spies in US history - what they did, why, and how they were caught.  Their betrayals harmed the country, put us at risk, and cost lives.  A stunning and indepth analysis.

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